History of the World Wide Web (www)
From acquiring information to communication, from our working life to education and even our shopping habits, no other technology has changed us as quickly as the World Wide Web.
25 years ago, on August 6, 1991, the world’s first web page was published.
Surfing the net with the smart devices we have has now become almost as ordinary as watching television.
We can reach the information we are looking for whenever we want, wherever we want. Did you know that the World Wide Web, or simply the www or web information system, was introduced to society by Tim Berners-Lee?
How was the World Wide Web (www) discovered? Who invented the World Wide Web?
British physicist Tim Berners-Lee, working at the European Center for Core Research (CERN) in the late 1980s, wanted to eliminate information confusion.
In March 1989, he thus presented his chief with a project that facilitated the exchange of data between researchers around the world.
With the support of his colleague Robert Caillau, Berners-Lee established the world’s first web server with info.cern.ch in 1990 and published the first web page on the internet on 6 August 1991.
After e-mail, a new service was created that “revived” the Internet with the World Wide Web (www) .
There is http ( Hypertext Markup Language – Hypertext Markup Language)
Berners-Lee’s invention is based on three pillars: The physicist first developed the Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) , or Hypertext Markup Language , which describes how pages are formatted with hypertext links (“Links”), with different processor platforms .
With the “Hypertext Transfer Protocol” (http)/Hypertext Transfer Protocol , he defined the technical channel that the computer can use to communicate over the Internet.
Uniform Resource Locater (URL)/ Standard Resource Locator is now used instead of “Universal Resource Identifier” (URI)/ Universal Resource Identifier .
URL is the web address for finding content on the network.
CERN took a much more important step when it shared the Wold Wide Web with the public in 1993 . When the Institute waived its service fees and patent, researchers made the Web in its current form.
Free usage was perhaps the most important success factor. Marc Andreessen made the first breakthrough of the WWW outside of computer experts in 1993.
Has a web browser
He developed the first free web browser, Mosaic-Browser, at the University of Illinois, and later developed the software for its current online platform with Netscape. This was followed by Microsoft founder Bill Gates’ Explorer.
After that, the web continued to grow rapidly, creating many new technology billionaires. In 1994/95, three internet giants stepped in at the same time Yahoo, eBay, and Amazon.
Google followed them in 1998, and six years later,
Mark Zuckerberg, who was still a university student at that time, founded the Facebook social platform.
Service over the internet
Netflix’s creator, Reed Hasting, entered the group of people who made a change in the history of the internet with his breakthrough.
The media provider serving over the Internet can be used from almost anywhere in the world, from China to North Korea, and has 83.2 million users.
Netflix accounted for 37 percent of Internet traffic in North America in 2015, which brought new challenges for networks’ technical infrastructure.
In fact , YouTube, iTunes, Amazon Video, and BitTorrent, taken together, cover two-thirds of the bandwidth for video and music services.
But more than endless bandwidth connections, it was the portable internet that really changed the Web. One year after Apple chief Stev Jobs introduced the first iPhone in 2007, Google’s first smartphone with Android software went on sale.
Portable internet t was accepted by the masses in a short time and developed into millions of applications.
Billions of people around the world still lack an internet connection. However, in Europe the Internet, and therefore the Web , has been a part of everyday life for a very long time.
According to Bitkom, three out of four Europeans (76 percent) aged 16-74 go online at least once a week.
According to the 2015 data of the BTK (Information Technologies and Communications Authority) , internet use in the same age group in our country increased by eighteen percent compared to the previous year and reached 48.6 million people.
But what is interesting is that despite his great inventions, Berners-Lee is not well known in society unlike internet stars like Zuckerberg, Gates or Jobs . So is he bothered by it? On the contrary, being famous spoils my private life, says the 61-year-old physicist.